What Kinds of Gnats Flourish in the Home?
There are four main types of gnats that can reproduce in the home. While other gnats that bite can enter the home from outdoors, these gnats hatch inside instead. The four types are:
- Drain flies, or the Psychodidae family of insects, resemble tiny moths with rounded wings. As their name suggests, they lay eggs in the drains so that their larvae have a safe place to grow. They can spread bacteria from drains in the bathroom or under equipment and land on other surfaces.
- Fungus gnats, from the Mycetophilidae or Sciaridae family, are narrow like mosquitos but much smaller. They like the potting soil that houseplants grow in, especially when it’s kept damp, but they can arise from wet drains as well.
- Phorid flies from the Phoridae family are similar in appearance to a winged flea due to large back legs and tend to hop a few times before taking flight. They’re common in both homes and businesses because they hatch in the trash, rotting food, waste products, and leaks in the soil below a structure.
- Fruit flies from the family Drosophilidae have a thick rounded body and distinctive red eyes. While they often hatch on rotten fruit, as their name suggests, they can also lay eggs in trash, alcohol containers, or even damp rags in the kitchen.