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How to Compost at Home

Person holding freshly composted dirt

Composting is nature’s own waste management process that allows you to recycle your food scraps and yard waste back into the ecosystem. Your food scraps and yard waste decompose through the process of composting and turn into a nutrient-rich, organic matter called compost. Composting helps to eliminate waste in our landfills, boosts your soil's fertility, and helps your plants flourish!

You may be wondering if you can make compost. The answer is of course! There are so many ways to start composting at home! You can opt for an outdoor compost pile or bin or an indoor compost.


Benefits of Composting

Person holding composeted dirt with worms in their cupped hands

If you’re looking to be more environmentally friendly, composting at home is great way to start! There are many environmental benefits of compositing.

  • When food waste goes into our landfills, without the ability to use oxygen to break down, it rots and produces a gas called methane (a.k.a. greenhouse gas), which is very harmful to the Earth’s atmosphere.
  • Eliminating food waste from landfills will reduce our carbon footprint and the amount of overall trash we produce.
  • Composting reduces the need for chemical fertilizers and pesticides, which are a major source of water pollution. When added to soil, compost helps plants grow, improves quality of soil, and soaks up moisture to prevent runoff to nearby rivers and streams.

How to Start Composting at Home

A bin full of kitchen scraps

The first step of the process is choosing your container. Do you have space outside for an outdoor compost pile or bin? Do you want to buy a compost bin or build one? offers a variety of outdoor compost bins, but you can also find a variety of kitchen compost bins that have tight fitting lids with handles, adequate storage, look nice, and are washable. After all, this is important because composting starts in the kitchen. Once your indoor compost bin is full, it’s taken to your outdoor compost pile or bin where it will decompose over the course of time creating a dark, crumbly “Black Gold”.

What Can I Put in my Compost Pile?

What to Compost:

  • Tea or Coffee
  • Fruit and Veggie Waste
  • Old Bread
  • Shredded Paper
  • Grass Clippings
  • Grains, Egg Shells
  • Outdated Boxed Food

What Not to Compost:

  • Meat Waste
  • Fish
  • Oils
  • Fats
  • Dairy Products

Good compost is made out of four basic things:


Carbon is also known as brown material which refers to paper, dry leaves, saw dust, straw, and twigs.


Nitrogen is also known as green material which refers to your kitchen scraps, mostly made up of left over fruits and vegetables. Grass clippings and farm animal manure can also be used as green material.


Water is an essential part of breaking down the organic materials. If you have too much water, the good bacteria will wash away and if it’s too dry it will not break down quick enough. If you can pick up your compost and squeeze a few drips of water out of it, your moisture levels are good. Be sure this is true for the bottom and center of your compost as well, not just the top layer.


As you can see, there are several compost bins with a tumbling mechanism. Turning your compost regularly is very important. This allows oxygen to help break up the materials.

Compost can take as little as four weeks to a year to become the rich, brown, dry matter you can add to your garden beds and landscaping. It's best to add compost to your soil or lawn during the spring time when your plants and grass are still growing.

Composting is easy to do and good for the environment. Start composting at home today!